Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 1 – Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of the Business
Better Choice Company, Inc. (the “Company”) is a holistic pet wellness company providing high quality, hemp-based, raw cannabidiol (“CBD”) infused and non-CBD infused food, treats and supplements, dental care products, and accessories for pets and their human parents. Our products are formulated and manufactured using only high-quality ingredients manufactured, tested and packaged to our specifications. On May 6, 2019, the Company acquired TruPet LLC and Bona Vida Inc. in a pair of all-stock transactions (the “acquisitions”). The acquisition of TruPet LLC is a reverse acquisition for accounting purposes, with TruPet as the accounting acquirer.
The majority of our products are sold online directly to consumers with additional sales through online retailers and pet specialty stores. We have a limited selection of CBD infused canine products available on our Bona Vida website. The information contained in, or accessible through, these websites does not constitute a part of this Quarterly Report.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10–Q and Article 10 of Regulation S–X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. However, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and operating results have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any subsequent quarters or for the year ending December 31, 2019. The significant accounting policies applied by the Company are described below. We present our tables, except for the Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit, in dollars (thousands), numbers in the text in dollars (millions) and % as rounded up or down.
Basis of Measurement
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented on a going concern basis, under the historical cost convention except for certain financial instruments that are measured at fair value, as explained in the accounting policies below. Historical cost is measured as the fair value of the consideration provided in exchange for goods and services. The Company’s functional and presentation currency is United States dollars (“USD”).
The consolidated financial statements and related notes include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include demand deposits held with banks and highly liquid investments with remaining maturities of ninety days or less at acquisition date. For purposes of reporting cash flows, the Company considers all cash accounts that are not subject to withdrawal restrictions or penalties to be cash and cash equivalents.
As part of the revolving credit agreement with Franklin Synergy Bank, the Company is required to maintain a cash balance of $6.2 million in its account. Any withdrawals from the account require an equal reduction to the funds available under the revolving credit agreement.
Accounts receivable represents amounts due from customers less an allowance for doubtful accounts. A provision is recorded for impairment when there is objective evidence (such as significant financial difficulties of the debtor) that the Company will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the original terms of the receivable. A provision is recorded as the difference between the carrying value of the receivable and the present value of future cash flows expected from the debtor, with an offsetting amount recorded as an allowance, reducing the carrying value of the receivable. The provision is included in general and administrative expense in the statements of operations. As of the period ended June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company considers accounts receivable to be fully collectible and, accordingly, no allowance for doubtful accounts has been recorded.
Inventories are recorded at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The net realizable value represents the estimated selling price for inventories in the ordinary course of business, less all estimated costs of completion and costs necessary to make the sale.
Cost is determined on a standard cost basis and includes the purchase price and other costs, such as transportation costs. Inventory average cost is determined on a first‑in, first‑out (“FIFO”) basis and trade discounts are deducted from the purchase price.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are carried at cost and includes expenditures for new additions and other additions, which substantially increase the useful lives of existing assets. Depreciation is computed at various rates by use of the straight-line method. Depreciable lives are generally as follows:
Expenditures for normal repairs and maintenance are charged to operations as incurred. The cost of property or equipment retired or otherwise disposed of and the related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts in the year of disposal with the resulting gain or loss reflected in earnings.
The Company assesses potential impairments of its property and equipment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset’s carrying value may not be recoverable. An impairment charge would be recognized when the carrying amount of property and equipment is not recoverable and exceeds its fair value. The carrying amount of property and equipment is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the property and equipment.
No provision has been made for federal and state income taxes prior to the date of the acquisitions since the proportionate share of TruPet’s income or loss was included in the personal tax returns of its members because TruPet was a limited liability company. Subsequent to the acquisitions, the Company, as a corporation, is required to provide for income taxes.
The Company utilizes Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC 740”), “Accounting for Income Taxes”, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.
The effective tax rate for each of the three months and the six months ended June 30, 2019 is 0%. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. Federal statutory rate of 21% primarily because our previously reported losses have been offset by a valuation allowance due to uncertainty as to the realization of those losses.
The Company accounts for uncertain tax positions in accordance with the provisions of ASC 740. Accounting guidance addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements, under which a company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position.
The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Accordingly, the Company would report a liability for unrecognized tax benefits resulting from uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The Company elects to recognize any interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits in tax expense.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Tax Act reduces the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. As of the completion of these unaudited condensed financial statements, we have made a reasonable estimate of the effects of the Tax Act. This estimate incorporates assumptions made based upon the Company’s current interpretation of the Tax Act and may change as the Company may receive additional clarification and implementation guidance and as the interpretation of the Tax Act evolves. In accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, the Company will finalize the accounting for the effects of the Tax Act no later than the end of the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019. Future adjustments made to the provisional effects will be reported as a component of income tax expense in the reporting period in which any such adjustments are determined. Based on the new tax law that lowers corporate tax rates, the Company revalued its deferred tax assets. Future tax benefits are expected to be lower, with the corresponding one-time charge being recorded as a component of income tax expense.
The Company recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods to the customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods.
In order to recognize revenue, the Company applies the following five (5) steps:
A description of the Company’s revenue generating activities is listed below:
Direct-to-consumer (“DTC”) – Our products are offered through our online stores where customers place orders online or through our customer service number. Revenue is recorded, net of discounts, at the time the order is received by the customer. Revenue is deferred for orders that have been placed, and paid for, but have not yet been received by the customer during the reporting period. As our customers have a 60-day guarantee on the product purchased, the Company records a liability for two months of estimated returns based on historical experience.
Loyalty Program - The Company offers a loyalty program to all of its direct-to-consumer customers. There are two tiers to the program.
Tier 1: the customer will earn 6 points for every $1 spent
Tier 2: the customer can earn points at a much faster rate and will also have opportunities to earn bonus points for different events, such as a birthday. This tier is known as the TruDog Love Club, and the customer accumulates twelve points for every $1 spent.
The redemption requirements are the same under both levels and, for every five hundred points earned, customers receive a $5 gift code which can be redeemed for goods purchased in the future. The Company records a reduction to sales revenue and deferred revenue when the customer accumulates loyalty points.
Wholesale Sales – This channel includes the sale of our products to wholesale customers for resale. The Company’s policy is to recognize revenue at the time the product is shipped to the wholesale customer, net of estimated returns and allowances.
Consignment – The Company partners with an Amazon channel partner to market and sell TruDog products. Revenue is recognized, net of returns, when our partner ships the product to the end customer. The commission, selling, marketing and storage fees are recognized at the time the services are rendered by the channel partner and are recorded by the Company, as follows:
Cost of Goods Sold
Cost of goods sold consists primarily of the cost of product obtained from the contract manufacturing plants, packaging materials and CBD oils directly sourced by the Company, and freight for shipping product from our contract manufacturing plants to our warehouse. We review inventory on hand periodically to identify damages, slow moving inventory, and/or aged inventory. Based on the analysis, we record inventories on the lower of cost and net realizable value, with any reduction in value expensed as cost of goods sold.
The Company charges advertising costs to expense as incurred and such charges are included in sales and marketing expenses.
Advertising costs, consisting primarily of Facebook advertising, search costs and email advertising, were $2.3 million and $1.2 million for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, advertising costs were $3.5 million and $2.2 million, respectively.
Research and Development
Research is a planned search or a critical investigation aimed at discovering new knowledge and information with the hope that such knowledge will be useful in developing a new product or service (referred to as a “product”) or a new process or technique (referred to as a “process”) or bringing about a significant improvement to an existing product or process. Development is the translation of research findings or other knowledge into a plan or design for a new product or process or for a significant improvement to an existing product or process whether intended for sale or use. It includes the conceptual formulation, design and testing of product alternatives, construction of prototypes and operation of pilot plants. No research and development costs were incurred during the three or six month period ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018.
Shipping and Handling / Freight Out
The Company recognizes shipping and handling costs as a fulfillment cost, included in other operating expenses as they are incurred prior to the customer obtaining control of the products. Shipping and handling costs primarily consist of costs associated with moving finished products to customers through third-party carriers.
Shipping and handling costs were $0.6 million and $0.7 million for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, shipping and handling costs were $1.2 million and $1.3 million, respectively.
Additionally, for direct to consumer customers, the Company may recover such costs by passing them onto the customer. In these instances, the Company includes the freight charges billed to customers in total revenue.
The amount included in revenue related to such recoveries was $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the amounts included in revenue related to such recoveries was $0.4 million and $0.6 million, respectively.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
A financial instrument is defined as cash, evidence of an ownership interest in an entity, or a contract that both:
The Company’s financial instruments recognized in the balance sheet consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash accounts, accounts receivable, deposits, accounts payable, line of credit, due to related party, accrued and other liabilities, warrant derivative liability and long-term debt. Warrant derivative liability is measured at fair value each reporting period. The fair values of the remaining financial instruments approximate their carrying values.
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company has applied the framework for measuring fair value which requires a fair value hierarchy to be applied to all fair value measurements. The fair value of the warrant derivative liability is considered a Level 3 financial instrument.
All financial instruments recognized at fair value in the balance sheet are classified into one of three levels in the fair value hierarchy as follows:
Derivative Financial Instruments
Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”, generally provides three criteria that, if met, require companies to bifurcate conversion options from its host instruments and account for them as free standing derivative financial instruments. These three criteria include circumstances in which (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable generally accepted accounting principles with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument subject to the requirements of ASC 815. ASC 815 also provides an exception to this rule when the host instrument is deemed to be conventional, as described.
The accounting treatment of derivative financial instruments requires that the Company record the embedded conversion option and warrants at their fair values as of the inception date of the agreement and at fair value as of each subsequent balance sheet date. Any change in fair value is recorded as non-operating, non-cash income or expense for each reporting period at each balance sheet date. The Company reassesses the classification of its derivative instruments at each balance sheet date. If the classification changes as a result of events during the period, the contract is reclassified as of the date of the event that caused the reclassification.
The pricing model we use for determining fair value of our derivatives is the Lattice Model. Valuations derived from this model are subject to ongoing internal and external verification and review. The model uses market-sourced inputs such as interest rates and stock price volatilities. Selection of these inputs involves management’s judgment and may impact net income (see Note 8).
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share
Basic and diluted loss per share has been determined by dividing the net loss available to stockholders for the applicable period by the basic and diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding, respectively. Common Stock equivalents and incentive shares are excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share when their effect is anti-dilutive.
The Company recognizes a compensation expense for all equity–based payments in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation”. The Company accounts for share–based payments granted to non–employees in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 505–50, “Equity Based Payments to Non–Employees.” The Company follows the fair value method of accounting for stock awards granted to employees, directors, officers and consultants. Stock-based awards to employees are measured at the fair value of the related stock-based awards. Stock-based payments to others are valued based on the related services rendered or goods received or if this cannot be reliably measured, on the fair value of the instruments issued. Issuances of such awards are valued using the fair value of the awards at the time of grant. The Company recognizes stock-based payment expenses over the vesting period based on the number of awards expected to vest over that period on a straight-line basis. Forfeitures are accounted for as they occur.
The fair value of an option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black–Scholes option valuation model. The Black–Scholes option valuation model requires the development of assumptions that are inputs into the model. These assumptions are the expected stock volatility, the risk–free interest rate, the expected life of the option, the dividend yield on the underlying stock and the expected forfeiture rate. Expected volatility is calculated based on the analysis of other public companies within the pet wellness sector. Risk–free interest rates are calculated based on continuously compounded risk–free rates for the appropriate term.
Determining the appropriate fair value model and calculating the fair value of equity–based payment awards requires the input of the subjective assumptions described above. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of equity–based payment awards represent management’s best estimates, which involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management’s judgment. The Company is required to estimate the expected forfeiture rate and recognize expense only for those shares expected to vest.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods.
The Company evaluates its estimates on an ongoing basis. The Company bases its estimates on various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision-maker in making decisions regarding resource allocation and assessing performance. To date, the Company has viewed its operations and manages its business as one segment operating in the United States of America. The Company’s chief operating decision-maker does not review operating results on a disaggregated basis; rather, the chief operating decision-maker reviews operating results on an aggregate basis.
License intangibles are recorded at fair value at the date of acquisition and are amortized ratably over the life of the license agreement.
Commitments and Contingencies
We may be involved in legal proceedings, claims, and regulatory, tax, or government inquiries and investigations that arise in the ordinary course of business resulting in loss contingencies. We accrue for loss contingencies when losses become probable and are reasonably estimable. If the reasonable estimate of the loss is a range and no amount within the range is a better estimate, the minimum amount of the range is recorded as a liability.
We do not accrue for contingent losses that are considered to be reasonably possible, but not probable; however, we disclose the range of such reasonably possible losses. Loss contingencies considered remote are generally not disclosed.
We have entered into debt, royalty and lease agreements for which we are committed to pay certain amounts over a period of time. See Notes 5, 6 and 7.
Reclassification of Prior Period Presentation
Certain reclassifications have been made to conform the prior period data to the current presentations. These reclassifications had no effect on the reported results.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company has reviewed the Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) accounting pronouncements and interpretations thereof issued by the FASB that have effective dates during the reporting period and in future periods.
New Standards and Interpretations:
Adoption of FASB ASC Topic 842 “Leases”
The amendments in this update establish a comprehensive new lease accounting model. The new standard: (a) clarifies the definition of a lease; (b) requires a dual approach to lease classification similar to current lease classifications; and (c) causes lessees to recognize leases on the balance sheet as a lease liability with a corresponding right-of-use asset for leases with a lease term of more than twelve months. The new standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, including a number of optional practical expedients that entities may elect to apply. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements”, an update which provides another transition method, the prospective transition method, which allows entities to initially apply the new lease standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2019 using the prospective transition method.
The Company has identified all leases to determine the impact of ASC 842 on its consolidated financial statements. The Company has elected to apply the practical expedient to certain classes of leases, whereby the separation of components of leases into lease and non-lease components is not required, and all of the practical expedients to all leases, (1) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (2) lease classification for any expired or existing leases and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases. The adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording on the consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2019 a right-of-use asset of $0.5 million, a lease liability of $0.5 million and a corresponding cumulative adjustment to accumulated deficit of an immaterial amount in accordance with ASC 842.
Adoption of FASB ASU No. 2018-07 “Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting”
On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2018-07 “Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting”. The amendments in this update expanded the scope of ASC 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. The requirements of ASC 718 are applied to nonemployee awards except for specific guidance on inputs to an option pricing model and the attribution of cost. The amendments specify that ASC 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor’s own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. The amendments also clarify that ASC 718 does not apply to share-based payments used to effectively provide (1) financing to the issuer or (2) awards granted in conjunction with selling goods or services to customers as part of a contract accounted for under ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.”
The Company is treating the inclusion of share-based payments to non-employees as a change in accounting principle prospectively beginning in the period ending June 30, 2019. As the Company did not make any share-based payments to non-employees in prior periods, there was no impact on the results of operations in prior periods.
Adoption of ASU 2018-13 “Fair Value Measurement”
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) Changes to the Disclosure Requirement for Fair Value Measurement” which amends ASC 820 to expand the disclosures required for items subject to Level 3, fair value remeasurement, including the underlying assumptions. ASU 2018-13 is effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company has early adopted the disclosures as permitted under the ASU.
New and Revised Standards not Yet Adopted:
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326)”. ASU 2016-13 changes the impairment model for most financial assets. The new model uses a forward-looking expected loss method, which will generally result in earlier recognition of allowances for losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company does not anticipate any material impact from the implementation of this ASU.
The Company has carefully considered other new pronouncements that alter previous generally accepted accounting principles and does not believe that any new or modified principles will have a material impact on the Company’s reported balance sheet or operations in 2019.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef